No-claims class (Schadenfreiheitsklasse): The basics
- Your no-claims class (Schadenfreiheitsklasse – SF) determines how high the no-claims discount on your insurance premium will be.
- The longer you drive accident-free, the higher your no-claims class will be.
- You can transfer your no-claims class if you change insurance policies, but the resulting no-claims discount will be determined by the insurance company.
- The no-claims discount is only available for third-party liability insurance or fully comprehensive insurance – not for partially comprehensive insurance.
- Compare different tariffs to find out which insurance offers you the best deal for your no-claims class.
What does no-claims class (SF-Klasse) mean?
Your SF class only rises if the insurance company pays out for damage. If you pay the costs yourself it will not affect your no-claims discount. In the case of a small damage, for example, it can be worthwhile to pay for it yourself.
How are no-claims classes calculated?
If you have had your driving licence for less than 3 years at the time of your first registration, you will be transferred to SF 0. Here the percentage surcharge on the contribution fee is higher than in SF ½.
For the amount of the no-claims class it is not decisive how high the costs of the claim are, but the number of insurance claims.
No-claims class: Overview
Your SF class largely determines the amount of premium you will pay on your third-party liability insurance or fully comprehensive insurance. The table below shows the effect of no-claims classes on the premium amount.
|Accident and loss-free calendar years||No-claims class||No-claims discount percent|
|1 year||SF 1||0 percent|
|2 years||SF 2||Up to 15 percent|
|5 to 8 years||SF 5 to SF 8||Up to 55 percent|
|9 to 15 years||SF 9 to SF 15||Up to 60 percent|
|16 to 25 years||SF 16 to SF 25||Up to 65 percent|
|26 to 30 years||SF 26 to SF 30||Up to 75 percent|
|31 to 35 years||SF 31 to SF 35||Up to 80 percent|
|* Since no-claims discounts differ among insurers, this table is just a guideline.|
Special classifications of no-claims classes
|No-claims class||Criteria for classification||Contribution amount in percent|
|SF 1/2||EU driving licence for at least 3 years; car insurance taken out for the first time||From ~100 percent|
|SF 0||EU driving licence for less than 3 years; motor vehicle insurance taken out for the first time||Around 100 percent; can go up to 260 percent.|
|SF S||Dismissal from SF 1 in the event of a self-inflicted accident||Around 150 percent|
|SF M (Malusklasse)||Dismissal from SF 0 or SF ½ in the event of a self-inflicted accident||Around 240 percent|
Which no-claims class am I in?
Which special conditions apply to my no-claims class?
- Discount protection is an additional insurance that frees one claim per year. This means that you will not be downgraded in the event of an accident. However, discount protection expires if you change your car insurance policy and cannot be transferred.
- Transferring no-claims classes: In principle, you can receive or transfer SF classes to others, for which certain rules apply.
- Second car insurance: If you insure your second car with the same insurance as the main car, the second car is usually classified in a higher SF class. This is based on the no-claims class of the first car.
As part of family insurance, you can insure your first car with your parents. This eliminates the usually high surcharges for lower SF classes.
What happens if my no-claims class is downgraded?
Since insurers differ on the extent to which they downgrade members for damages, the relevant downgrading table is part of your contract documents. In principle, each case of damage that occurs means a downgrade in the SF table.
In the case of 3 or more claims being made, the driver is usually downgraded to SF M (malus class).
How can I transfer or take over no-claims classes?
- No-claims classes can only be transferred to close relatives or legal entities.
- In order to take over an NCD, you must demonstrate that you drove the car and contributed to the number of accident-free years.
- If someone has given you their no-claims discount, they can no longer use it themselves.
- You can only take over as many accident-free years as you could have accumulated yourself.
Why are there no no-claims classes for partial coverage insurance?
What happens to the no-claims class after I change insurance policies?
No-claims class after contract interruption
|Interruption period||What happens to the no-claims class|
|Up to 6 months||With accident-free driving, your SF class improves as usual.|
|6 month to 1 year||Your SF class stays the same.|
|1 to 7 years||For each year that you are not insured, you will be downgraded one SF class.|
|From 7 years||Your SF class expires and you start at SF ½ again.|